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Systems Optimization (SOP)

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Pareto Front:

with and where

Relevant Publications:
  • K. Deb, L. Thiele, M. Laumanns and E. Zitzler. Scalable Multi-Objective Optimization Test Problems. CEC 2002, p. 825 - 830, IEEE Press, 2002 (PDF) (bibtex)
Reference Point: Reference Point used: (11,11)

where (see Formulation)

Optimal Distributions:

(see "Maximum Hypervolume" for more plots)

of 5 points:
of 10 points:
of 20 points:
of 50 points:
Maximum Hypervolume:
µHV ValuesPlot

How to approximate the optimal distributions

  1. The x-values xi of the µ points are equally distributed between 0 and 2.116426807
  2. The first and last point are known to be extremal, hence only the remaining µ -2 points are optimized.
  3. For all points p, starting with point p = 2, the following steps are executed:
    • The x-value is decreased by stepsize. If this increases the hypervolume, the procedure continues with the next point.
    • If decreasing xp does not increase the hypervolume, then xp is increased by 2*stepsize. If this does not increase the hypervolume, xp decreased by stepsize (which means it has the value at the start of step 3).

  4. If step 3 did increase the hypervolume, step 3 is repeated as long as the hypervolume increases. Otherwise, step 5 is executed
  5. For all points p, xp is set to a random value between 0 and 2.116426807 until the hypervolume increases or for maximum 10 times. This allows points to jump to different sections of the Pareto front.
  6. If the hypervolume increased in step 5, the procedure starts all over again with step 3.
  7. If no jump in step 5 did increase the hypervolume, stepsize is scaled down by 1/2. If stepsize is smaller than a predefined value eps (10-16), the precedure returns the current distribution. Otherwise, the precedure restarts with step 3.
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